Total cost to perform the process "design and prototype products and services" as a percentage of total function cost

This measure calculates total cost to perform the process "design and prototype products and services" as a percentage of total cost to perform the function "develop and manage products and services". Total cost is the sum of personnel (compensation/benefits), systems (direct and/or allocated), overhead (direct and/or allocated), other internal, and outsourced costs. The Process "design and prototype products and services" includes [Sketching and standardizing product and service based on the market. Analyze the data market competitiveness and innovation attained for the product and service development.]. The Function "develop and manage products and services" includes [Governing and managing the product/service development program, generating and defining new product/service ideas, and developing products and services.]. This Supplemental Information measure is intended to help companies evaluate additional variables related to the process "Design and prototype products and services".

Benchmark Data


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Measure Category:
Supplemental Information
Measure ID:
Total Sample Size:
1,093 All Companies
25th Median 75th
- - -
Key Performance Indicator:

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Compute this Measure

Units for this measure are percent.

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Percentage of total cost to perform the function "develop and manage products and services" allocated to the process "design and prototype products and services"

Key Terms

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Total cost for a process, process group, or function consists of the following five components.

Internal/In-house operating cost consists of the first four components (personnel, systems, overhead, and other).

Personnel Cost

Personnel cost is the cost associated with personnel compensation and fringe benefits of employees (i.e., those classified as FTEs which includes both full-time and salaried/hourly employees) contributing to each respective process. Personnel cost should include all of the following costs.

Employee Compensation: Includes salaries and wages, bonuses, overtime and benefits.

Fringe: Includes contributions made towards the employees' government retirement fund, workers compensation, insurance plans, savings plans, pension funds/retirement plans, and stock purchase plans. This should also include special allowances, such as relocation expenses and car allowances.

Systems Cost

Systems costs include all expenses, paid or incurred, in conjunction with:
Computer hardware or computer software acquired by the organization or provided to the organization through service contracts.

Any related costs to process, service and maintain computer hardware or computer software. The costs of providing and maintaining services for each applicable process (e.g., computer system(s) processing (CPU) time, network/system communication charges, maintenance costs for applications and data storage). This includes the costs related to LANs, WANs, etc. This does not include one-time costs for major new systems developments/replacements. Consultant fees should not be included in depreciation of new system implementations. Include only those costs that occur more than six (6) months after implementation, as normal system maintenance costs. Any systems cost (e.g., maintenance) which is outsourced to a third party supplier should be captured in the separate cost category labeled outsourced cost.

Systems cost should include all salaries, overtime, employee benefits, bonuses or fees paid to full-time, part-time or temporary employees or independent contractors who perform services relating to computer hardware, computer software, processing or systems support.

Overhead Costs

For the purpose of this study, provide the total actual overhead costs for the year related to the specified process. These are costs that cannot be identified as a direct cost of providing a product or a service. Include the primary allocated costs such as occupancy, facilities, utilities, maintenance costs, and other major costs allocated to the consuming departments. Exclude systems costs that are allocated, since these will be captured separately as systems cost.

Other Cost

Other costs are costs associated with the specified process, but not specifically covered in personnel cost, systems cost, overhead cost and outsourced cost in this questionnaire. These other costs include costs for supplies and office equipment, travel, training and seminars. Include the cost of telephones, except for that portion captured in systems cost.

External/Outsourced Cost

In determining outsourced cost, include the total cost of outsourcing all aspects of the specified process to a third-party supplier. Exclude one-time charges for any type of restructuring or reorganization. Outsourced costs should also include costs for intracompany outsourcing (i.e., reliance on a shared services center or other business entity).

Supplemental information is data that APQC determines is relevant to decision support for a specific process, but does not fit into the other measure categories such as cost effectiveness, cycle time, or staff productivity.

Measure Scope

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Cross Industry (7.3.1)

  • - Assign resources to product/service project (10083)
    • - Identify requirements for product/service design/development partners (19994)
  • - Prepare high-level business case and technical assessment (10084)
  • - Develop product/service design specifications (10085)
  • - Develop user experience design specifications (16813)
  • - Provide warranty-related recommendations (16817)
  • - Document design specifications (10086)
  • - Conduct mandatory and elective external reviews (10087)
  • - Design products/services (19995)
    • - Design for manufacturing (16819)
    • - Design for product servicing (16820)
    • - Design for re-manufacturing (16821)
    • - Review product troubleshooting methodology (16822)
    • - Design and manage product data, design, and bill of materials (16818)
    • - Design for product upgrades (16823)
  • - Build prototypes/proof of concepts (10088)
  • - Develop and test prototype production and/or service delivery process (10098)
  • - Eliminate quality and reliability problems (10089)
  • - Conduct in-house product/service testing and evaluate feasibility (10090)
  • - Identify design/development performance indicators (10091)
  • - Collaborate on design with suppliers and external partners (10092)