This measure calculates overhead and other cost per business entity employee to perform the process group "manage employee information". Overhead cost refers to expenses that an organization cannot identify as direct costs of performing a process. These include occupancy, facilities, utilities, and maintenance, etc. Other cost refers to costs other than personnel, equipment, material, systems, or outsourced expenses for the process (e.g., costs for supplies and office equipment, travel, training, and seminars). The Process group "manage employee information" includes [managing HR reporting capabilities; managing employee inquiry processes; managing and maintaining employee data; managing human resource information systems; developing and managing employee metrics; developing and managing time and attendance; and managing employee communications.]. This Cost Effectiveness measure is intended to help companies understand this cost expenditure related to the process group "Manage employee information".
((Percentage of total cost to perform the process group "manage employee information" allocated to internal costs * Percentage of internal cost to perform the process group "manage employee information" allocated to overhead and other costs * Total cost to perform the process group "manage employee information") / 10000) / Number of business entity employees
Other costs are costs associated with the specified process, but not specifically covered in personnel cost, systems cost, overhead cost and outsourced cost in this questionnaire. These other costs include costs for supplies and office equipment, travel, training and seminars. Include the cost of telephones, except for that portion captured in systems cost.
Cost effectiveness measures are those in which two related variables, one of which is the cost and one of which is the related outcome related to the expenditure are used to determine a particular metric value.
Full-time Employee, Part-time Employee, and Temporary Employee
For the purpose of this survey, a regular full-time employee is hired for an indefinite period of time and is normally scheduled to work forty hours per week. Appointment is continuous, subject to satisfactory performance and availability of funding.
For the purpose of this survey, a regular part-time employee is hired for an indefinite period of time and is scheduled to work less than forty hours per week.
A temporary employee is employed for a finite period of time, to fulfill a time-limited role, or to fill the role of a permanent employee who is absent from work. The length of time an employee can work for the organization and be considered a temporary employee may be governed by employment legislation.
For survey purposes, a business entity is defined as an entity that:
- performs significant aspects of the processes for the surveys identified, or
- is part of a cost or revenue center within the company.
Within your organization, diverse departments may be geographically co-located, with closely integrated operations that form part of one "business entity" which may be a great distance apart. When trying to determine if related parts of your operation should be considered a single business entity, look for the following characteristics:
- Do they operate closely together?
- Do they serve many of the same customers?
- Do they support the same region or product group?
- Do they share any performance measures?
- Is data meaningful at a consolidated level?
Examples of business entity definition:
- A general ledger accounting unit located in Germany has two groups. One performs general ledger accounting for the corporate headquarters, which has three business units. The other group does general ledger accounting for one of the three business units. In spite of their geographic co-location, their roles are substantially different and consolidating their data into a single response would make it less meaningful. Each group should be treated as a separate business entity.
- Three business units within a corporation use a shared services center for accounts payable and expense reimbursement, but are self-supporting for the other financial processes. The best approach is to make the shared services centre a separate business entity for accounts payable and expense reimbursement, and to retain the three original business units for the other financial processes.
- A global manufacturing company has five plant locations, each manufacturing product and each with its own logistics operations. For purposes of completing a manufacturing and logistics survey, they should be treated as five separate business entities.